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What is Obesity? Obesity is too much weight for the height so that one’s health is affected. Body mass index best defines obesity. A person’s height and weight determines his or her body mass index. The BMI equals a person’s weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (BMI = kg/m2) Because of excess […]
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. If not prevented or if left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. Osteoporosis per se is not the major illness, but it is the complications of the disease that are the major cause of concern. Which are the […]
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin. The fact that it dissolves in fat is important, because it means the body can store it for future use. Ultraviolet B (UVB) in sunlight rays convert cholesterol in the skin into vitamin D. Darker skins need more sun to get the same amount of vitamin D as a […]
What is Osteoporosis? Throughout the life, old bone is removed (resorption) and new bone is added (formation) to the skeleton. During childhood and teenage years, new bone is added faster than old bone is removed. As a result, bones become larger, heavier and denser. Bone formation continues at a pace faster than resorption until the […]
Osteomalacia is a defect in mineralization of bone. The defective mineralization is mainly caused by lack in vitamin D. Osteomalacia is derived from Greek: osteo refers to bone, and malacia means softness. What are the causes of Osteomalacia? Insufficient sunlight exposure, especially in dark-skinned subjects Insufficient nutritional quantities or faulty metabolism of vitamin D or […]
Calcium is important for the human as it helps in muscle contraction, nerve conduction, blood coagulation and release of enzymes & hormones. There are several regulatory mechanisms are there to keep blood calcium in the normal range, derangement of them can cause low or high Calcium in the blood. How is the blood Calcium regulated? […]