Insulin Lispro Pregnancy

Insulin Lispro and regular Insulin In Pregnancy A Bhattacharyya, S Brown, S Hughes and P.A.Vice. Insulin Lispro (IL), an analogue of regular human insulin with a peak insulin achieved within an hour of injection, significantly improves post prandial hyperglycaemia. This is very important in diabetic pregnancy, whether gestational or pre-gestational. Patient acceptability has also been […]

Adrenal Crisis

Acute Adrenocortical Crisis: Three Different Presentation A Bhattacharyya, J Macdonald, AA LAkhdar. The adrenal cortex normally produces three principal steroid hormones: the glucocorticoid cortisol, the mineralocorticoid adosterone, and a small quantity of sex steroids. In primary adrenocortical insufficiency, there is a deficiency of both cortisol and aldosterone with characteristic clinical and laboratory findings. In contrast, […]

Diabetes Aetiology

Aetiology and Pathology of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus A Bhattacharyya Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by raised blood sugar due to defects in insulin secretion, action or both. The chronic hyperglycaemia of DM is associated with longterm damage, dysfunction and failure of organs, such as the eyes, kidneys, nerves, blood […]

Diabetes Treatment

Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus A Bhattacharyya People with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are characterized by a resistance to insulin and a relative, as opposed to absolute, insulin deficiency. At least initially, and often through out their lifetime, they do not need exogenous insulin for survival. Thus although insulin may be required for […]

Vignettes needle in foot

Diabetes Vignettes, Needle in foot! A Bhattacharyya, Frank Webb A 62 year old patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus on insulin for the last 10 years was referred to our multidisciplinary foot clinic with cellulites of the right foot (figure1). He noted pain and discomfort for 7 days. There is no clinical evidence of osteomyelitis. […]

Obstetrics Graves

Obstetric Difficulties due to Grave’s disease A Bhattacharyya, JD Wright, PA Vice A 14 year old girl was referred to the paediatrician with symptoms of hypothyroidism. She had a smooth diffuse goiter with dysthyroid eye disease.(Proptisis, lid lag and lid retraction). Hyperthyroidism was confirmed biochemically (Protein bound iodine 18.8, normal 5-8 ug). She was treated […]