International 1. Fibronectin in BAL fluid and plasma in Tuberculosis – World Conference of Lung Health, IUATLD, Italy, 1990. 2. Autosomal dominant hypocalcaemia: treatment with vitamin D can cause renal damage even at low normal serum calcium levels. Clinical case meeting (Society of Endocrinilogy) at Royal College of Physician(London), Feb.1998. 3. A novel complication of […]

Research Activities

1. Collaborative Atorvastatin in Diabetes Mellitus, North Manchester General Hospital – Co-Investigator – 1996 2. Cross-over comparison of Viagra TM and Placebo for the treatment of pain in diabetic polyneuropathy in adult males A 1481016 , Hope Hospital, Manchester – Co-Investigator – 2000 3. A double blind comparison of Viagra and placebo: 148-1040 Study in […]

Underactive Adrenal or Hypocortisolism

What are the causes of Low cortisol hormone?? The disease of low cortisol production can arise either because of destruction of adrenal gland itself (Addison’s disease or primary hypocortisolism) or due to malfunction of pituitary or hypothalamus (secondary hypocortisolism). Common causes of secondary adrenal insufficiency are tumors of the pituitary, head injury, radiotherapy and long […]

Steroid Medications

1) What is steroid? Steroid is name of a hormone that comes form Adrenal glands mainly. There are different types of steroids in our body; they serve various types of metabolic function. Some of the steroids are life-saving, meaning without them we can not survive. Some of them suppress inflammation. Other steroids come form Testes […]

Cushing’s Syndrome

The condition of cortisol excess is called Cushing’s syndrome. It can be due to excess secretion of cortisol either due to a problem in adrenal gland it self or due to excess secretion of ACTH, the Pituitary hormone that controls cortisol secretion. The latter situation can be either due to ACTH coming from pituitary or […]

Adrenal Medulla

Adrenal medulla secretes the hormones epinephrine and nor-epinephrine. They are our flight or fight hormone. Remember exam days, we used to get so tensed! That is because excess Adrenaline. The most common problem of this part of the adrenal gland is the tumor called phaeochromocytoma, which secretes excess of these hormones. The common features of […]

Control of Adrenal Gland

Control of Secretion: Cortisol is secreted in response to a stimulating hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the master gland ‘pituitary’ situated in the brain. ACTH is itself secreted under control of the hypothalamic peptide corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Aldosterone is controlled by the body’s sodium, potassium and water concentrations. Diseases resulting from abnormalities of this […]

Adrenal and Steroid

The adrenal glands are triangular shaped hormone-producing glands situated on top of the kidneys. They measure about one-half inch in height and 3 inches in length. Structurally each gland consists of a medulla (the center of the gland), which is surrounded by the cortex. The medulla is responsible for producing epinephrine and nor epinephrine (adrenaline). […]